• Penicillin was used to help cure diseases.
• Morton Salt was introduced.
• The first synthetic rubber tires were manufactured.
• Synthetic tooth fillings were developed.
• Tiffany’s in New York City was the first fully air-conditioned store.
• The first commercial flights with pressurized cabins were inaugurated.
• The Jeep made its debut on November 11, 1940.
• M&Ms® were manufactured for the U.S. Army.
• The first Superman movie, an animated cartoon, debuted.
• The first disposable aerosol cans were developed by Lyle Goodhue and W. N. Sullivan.
• The first all-star bowling tournament was held.
• The first successful turbo-prop engine was developed.
• The Slinky® was invented but not sold commercially until 1947.
• Harvard University mathematician Howard Aiken built the Mark I computer. The 35-ton machine was capable of finding the product of two 11-digit numbers in just three seconds.
• The first atomic bomb was tested in the New Mexican desert near Alamogordo. The team of scientists was headed by Robert Oppenheimer.
• Grand Rapids, Michigan began fluoridation of its water supply. It had been discovered that small amounts of fluoride could dramatically reduce tooth decay.
• ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) was the first electronic digital computer. Built by Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly, it filled a 30′ x 60′ room.
• The first electric blanket was manufactured.
• Elmer’s Glue-All was introduced.
• Engineer and inventor Buckminster Fuller built his first geodesic dome. Its unique design encloses the most space, using a given amount of material.
• The first long-playing (LP) phonograph record was introduced by Columbia Records. It held six times as much music as previous records and helped create the modern recording industry.
• Bell Laboratories’ physicists invented the transistor. Smaller, cheaper, and faster than a vacuum tube, it revolutionized the field of electronics.
• Edwin Land invented the Polaroid Land® camera. It was the first camera to produce finished prints “instantly” – in this case, 60 seconds. It sold for $89.75.
• Holography was invented by Dennis Gabor. The technique created three-dimensional images.
• Silly Putty® was invented.
• Physicist Harold Lyons built the first atomic clock. Built for the National Bureau of
Standards, the clock was accurate to within a few seconds over fifty years.
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